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The Mexican Revolution November 21, 2009

Filed under: Mexican Culture — robertosay @ 4:37 am
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The Mexican Revolution was not as many believe: a battle between Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata.

The Revolution began in 1910 and lasted until the last revolutionary hero died when he was murdered by those who once were his allies. It all started because the Mexicans were getting tired of the dictator Porfirio Diaz. All the farmers were marginalized and the slaves joined forces in a revolutionary army to defeat the dictator.

It all started when, in 1908, Porfirio Diaz said that Mexico was ready for democracy in an interview with an American journalist. These people who had heard about this interview felt that it was time to participate in politics. One such man was Francisco I. Madero. Together with other young politician, Francisco I. Madero created the ”Anti-reeleccionista” Party, which he represented in the presidential elections.

Partido Liberal Mexicano

Madero who was very rich, and an owner of vineyards and wineries in Coahuila, had no need to meddle in politics, to increase his fortune. But he truly believed that Mexico needed a change. For that he participated in the elections of 1910 against Porfirio Diaz. Francisco I. Madero at first only wanted to be the vice president not the president, but he was exiled and persecuted by troops of President Porfirio Diaz. In exile, Francisco I. Madero released the ”Plan of San Luis,” that declared that the elections had been a fraud and that he would not recognize Porfirio Diaz as the legitimate President of the Republic. He called to take up arms on November 20th, 1910, which marked the beginning of the Mexican Revolution. The revolutionary characters that almost everyone knows, joined this call to arms. The first was Pascual Orozco and Francisco Villa (Pancho Villa) who joined on November 14th. And in March of 1911, the legendary Emiliano Zapata joined the revolution.

One year later in 1911, Orozco and  Pancho Villa began taking control of cities in the northern of the country while Zapata took control of city’s in south.

After that Orozco and Pancho Villa were captured in Ciudad Juarez. These events combined, forced to the presidente Porfirio Diaz to escape to France. Even though he fled, Diaz left a large army under the command of General Victoriano Huerta and a provisional president, but when the revolutionary forces arrived to Mexico City, the forces of the ex-president Diaz surrender. Then Madero was declared president.

Madero’s presidency was short-lived though. Francisco I. Madero turned against Zapata by trying to please him and the inaction convinced Villa and Orozco to also abandon Francisco I. Madero too.  Taking this opportunity the remaining forces of the president Diaz, leader by the Gral. Victoriano Huerta betrayed president Francisco I. Madero and murdered him and all his allies in the Capital, like Benedict Arnold betrayed the americans in the independence of U.S, Victoriano Huerta. He takes all the power and tries to restore the old type of goverment of Porfirio Diaz. Knowing this Zapata, Villa and Venustiano Carranza a  governor, joined forces against the traitor and battle arrived again to the country.

The Mexican Revolution was not only a war to fight for the change and freedom. It also changed Mexico’s history forever. Whether they were fighting for their freedom or wanted to escape the chaos, they were affected by the rise and fall of power.



Independence Day in Mexico November 19, 2009

Filed under: Mexican Culture — jorge1492 @ 1:29 am
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This is one of the most important and celebrated days of the year in Mexico. Nobody go to school or work on September 15th. The people decorate houses, shops, schools with the colors of the Mexican flag; green, white and red, with paper, figures of Miguel Hidalgo, the Mexican eagle, etc. Many people in the street sell hats, flags or things related with Mexico, and also sell food out of their homes or in the downtown. Some foods they sell are traditional foods like tamales, pozole, tacos, including the amazing Mexican salsa and drinks like ponche that is make of a variety of fruits. This day celebrates the liberty of Mexico from Spain, finishing with the slavery and looking for equality.

You can hear the typical Mexican music, like mariachis where they play a lot of different instruments, principally the guitar.

Dances with Mexican dress: People dress up in traditional Mexican dress. Men are seen as Charros and women as China Poblana, or wearing indigenous dresses, dancing the traditional music in events. The cars are also decorated.

At 11 p.m, a government official arrives in the Zocalo (usually the president of the town). The president gives the grito (shout) of Independence, saying: Viva Mexico!! This is what was said by Miguel Hidalgo in 1910. The president rings the bell and all the people in the square repeat what he says: Viva Mexico!!

In every downtown of Mexico there are fireworks and light decorations. But the principal place that takes this event is in the Zocalo, main plaza, in Mexico City.  This is where the great September 16th celebrations take place. People of all ages come to this party, from children to old people.

A little bit of Mexican History…

This happened after conquer of Spain in 1521 by Hernan Cortés, having Mexico European population who exploited the resources of the country manipulating the indigenous nations (Aztecs). They called Mexico Nueva España.

Mexico had many years of manipulation from Europeans, until Miguel Hidalgo, who was a criollo (born in Mexico from Spanish parents) fought with a big group of people against the Spanish government with many heroes along the history until the total independence of Mexico.

Every year, I celebrate this day with my family, going to eat tacos or go with my friends to have fun in the downtown, where we go to play, eat and buy Mexican things. And, at the night we see the fireworks and people dancing, drinking, etc.