This is one of the most important and celebrated days of the year in Mexico. Nobody go to school or work on September 15th. The people decorate houses, shops, schools with the colors of the Mexican flag; green, white and red, with paper, figures of Miguel Hidalgo, the Mexican eagle, etc. Many people in the street sell hats, flags or things related with Mexico, and also sell food out of their homes or in the downtown. Some foods they sell are traditional foods like tamales, pozole, tacos, including the amazing Mexican salsa and drinks like ponche that is make of a variety of fruits. This day celebrates the liberty of Mexico from Spain, finishing with the slavery and looking for equality.
You can hear the typical Mexican music, like mariachis where they play a lot of different instruments, principally the guitar.
Dances with Mexican dress: People dress up in traditional Mexican dress. Men are seen as Charros and women as China Poblana, or wearing indigenous dresses, dancing the traditional music in events. The cars are also decorated.
At 11 p.m, a government official arrives in the Zocalo (usually the president of the town). The president gives the grito (shout) of Independence, saying: Viva Mexico!! This is what was said by Miguel Hidalgo in 1910. The president rings the bell and all the people in the square repeat what he says: Viva Mexico!!
In every downtown of Mexico there are fireworks and light decorations. But the principal place that takes this event is in the Zocalo, main plaza, in Mexico City. This is where the great September 16th celebrations take place. People of all ages come to this party, from children to old people.
A little bit of Mexican History…
This happened after conquer of Spain in 1521 by Hernan Cortés, having Mexico European population who exploited the resources of the country manipulating the indigenous nations (Aztecs). They called Mexico Nueva España.
Mexico had many years of manipulation from Europeans, until Miguel Hidalgo, who was a criollo (born in Mexico from Spanish parents) fought with a big group of people against the Spanish government with many heroes along the history until the total independence of Mexico.
Every year, I celebrate this day with my family, going to eat tacos or go with my friends to have fun in the downtown, where we go to play, eat and buy Mexican things. And, at the night we see the fireworks and people dancing, drinking, etc.